Weight load cell
- Very accurate output
- Measure Range: 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 350, 500kg
- Structure: 17-4 PH stainless steel
- Combined error < +/- 0.02% F.S.
- hermetically sealed to IP68 protection rating
- Accuracy class C3/C4 (OIML R60)
Our bending beam load cells are suitable for filling weighing machines, industrial floor scales, hopper scales, silo scales, belt scales, platform scales, tank scales, and more. contact us for details.
How does the Weight load cell work, voltage signal to weight？
The traditional Weight load cell is actually a kind of transmission device that transfers mass signals into a measurable electrical.
All the load cells we have introduced are resistance strain Load cells It is also one of the most widely used load cells.
Its principle was that an elastic body was deformed by an external force And then the load cell body inside deforms at the same time, and with the structure changes, A measuring circuit converts the deform forces into an electrical signal.
The load cell output is the voltage signal Generally between 10~20 millivolts And then corresponding to the maximum range. The specific output value depends only on the sensitivity of the load cells.
For example, the current power supply to the Weight load cell used in the meter is 5 volts, Then measure the signal on the green and white wires
Apply pressure to the sensor by Multimeter, the voltage signal on the multimeter will change.
For example, if the sensor parameters are 100 kg and the sensitivity is 2 mv, the power supply is said 5 volts So the Weight load cell output is 0~10 mv.
which is the sensitivity times your power supply And then 0 minus 10 mv corresponds to your 0 minus 100 kg, which is a linear relationship 0 mv equals 0 kilograms, which means no force So 5 mv equals 50 kg, so 10 mv equals 100 kg.
How To Choose The Right Weight Load Cell
A load cell is a sensor or transducer that converts an applied load or force into an electrical signal. Depending on the load cell and circuitry employed, this electronic signal can be a voltage change, a current change, or a frequency change.
They offer a wide range of industrial weighing applications. Additionally, they significantly increase efficiency at the work or industry when used. Weight load cells are available in various designs, types, sizes, and shapes.
Weight load cells are made up of aluminum, stainless steel, and alloy steel suitable in harsh environments and chemical industries.
Many different geotechnical instruments are used in the load cell principle. It cannot function without sensors, one of which is the Strain Gauge.
Strain Gauges are thin stainless steel elastic materials attached to load cells using proprietary adhesives.
The load cell bends or stretches when a force is applied, causing the strain gauge to move with it.
Factors To Consider When Choosing The Right Weight Load Cells
When choosing weight load cells, several factors need to be considered to get high-quality, reliable results by getting the suitable weight load cell according to your unique needs.
Load Cell’s Operating Environment
Environmental factors such as humidity, vibrations, chemical exposure, and differentiating pressure affect the load cell signals, and this can cause errors.
According to the system designer, the chosen load cell must perform accurately within the temperature extremes to which it will be subjected, Temperature fluctuations must also be compensated for by the load cell and other system components.
Temperature can significantly impact the performance of a strain gauge load cell because the load cell uses resistive parts and temperature influences electrical resistance.
If exposed to temperature shifts, install load cells to handle the vessel’s expansion and contraction.
Metal warps as a result of abrupt temperature changes. Temperature fluctuations impact the strain gauge’s function and, as a result, the load cell. Inaccuracy can occur if the load cell is exposed to chilly nights and then hot, direct sunlight or nearby equipment heats up the area.
This aspect is crucial in food preparation or medical settings, where you must cleanse the equipment to meet hygienic standards or in any industrial application where chemical exposure is a given.
When a chemical is exposed to weight load cells, it may cause corrosion that accelerates damages or defects.
Vibration close to the weighing system might cause the load cells to measure both the weight of the material and vibration that is transferred to them, which the cells interpret as mechanical noise.
You can also absorb vibration by dampening devices such as rubber or cork layers. A weight controller can electronically filter it out if the vibration is cyclical.
When possible, isolate the weighing system from vibration sources or use weighing system equipment with vibration-removal algorithms to limit or eliminate vibration impacts.
However, any intentionally added load that may occur due to vibration or wind should be factored into the load cell capacity selection. You can mitigate many of the effects of these circumstances with proper installation.
The weight of the load alone can be disrupted by air currents acting on a load cell. This could be due to high winds outside or strong air currents employed to keep dust at bay.
The load cells must support the entire weight to be measured to achieve accurate weighing.
Moisture penetration is one of the most harmful environmental situations for a load cell. Most moisture enters the load cell through the cable entry region, maybe from steam, excessive humidity, or equipment washing.
Weight load cells may also come into contact with water, and this accelerates rusting, which will damage it, and cause it to malfunction.
Load cells are frequently used when moisture is a given, such as outdoors or in locations where you must clean equipment to maintain hygienic requirements, such as food preparation environments.
The weight load cell may corrode due to moisture, short circuits and eventually damage due to failures.
By providing unwanted forces to the weighing system, a pressure difference can cause weighing problems.
To reduce weighing errors, adjust the load cells to the constant pressure level of the pressurized floor. Install the weigh vessel somewhere else if the pressurization isn’t consistent.
A pressure difference is formed in an unvented weigh vessel, when material enters quickly into a closed weigh vessel. It displaces an equal volume of air.
Suppose the air in the weigh vessel cannot leave through a vent; In this case, the flexible connections that connect the material input and exit pipework to the weigh load cells expand and let in the displaced air giving inaccurate results.
Load cells, also called load transducers, are defined as sensors that detect force. A load cell transforms force into an electrical signal when force is applied.
Determine your application’s maximum and minimum load capacities. Opt for the load cell that surpasses your peak operating load to ensure you have the most capacity.
Operators of measurement devices would, in ideal circumstances, be able to regulate the orientation of an applied load and the mode of application.
You should ensure that they are not overloaded and do not weigh so near to full capacity that repeatability and accuracy decrease.
When a load is misapplied, such as a twisting load, the strain gauges in the cell experience strain and give inaccurate weighing results.
You should use the loading capacity specified by the manufacturer that is strong enough to bear the weight of the heavy loads.
Additionally, it would help if you used a higher-capacity load cell that prevents overloading and handling shock loading.
Consider various variations such as nonlinearity, bridge resistance, and hysteresis to guarantee you have the best load cell capacity.
They are many weight load cells, designed to suit their requirements making work easier and more efficient by measuring force.
Load cells are classified into different categories: compression, tension, or a combination of the two.
Compression load cells have a force delivered directly to them, and the force is determined by how the load cell flexes when weight is placed.
On the other hand, tension load cells measure how the load cell flexes when pulled by suspending the item to be tested.
Dual-purpose load cells can be used in specific situations, such as on a test stand to measure force in both compression and tension.
Most scales will use compression load cells. However, vessel weighing can be done by inserting compression load cells under the vessel’s legs or suspending the vessel with tension load cells.
Many factors can influence which option is best for your application, like the environment, structural constraints, cost, and space.
You will utilize your system in a fashion that will cause the load cells to be shocked, such as if things must be dropped onto the scale, ensure the load cells are rated for the increased force applied to them.
A hydraulic load cell may be the best option if the scale is used at a remote location. Pneumatic load cells provide perfect mechanical balancing for quality assurance and safety applications.
A strain gauge load cell may be best for high endurance applications for usage in an industrial setting and usually involving experimental stress.
The first step in achieving weighing accuracy is to select a high-quality load cell for your weighing system.
The load cells must support the entire weight to be measured to achieve accurate weighing. For example, stiff conduit connections and firmly placed piping will support portion of the load on a weigh vessel while preventing the complete load from being communicated to the load cells.
If you’re going to utilize bumpers or check rods to keep the weigh vessel from swinging and wobbling, make sure they’re not supporting any of the weight.
The accuracy of the reading returned to the end-user is affected by various factors, including the load cell’s Rated Output (RO) accuracy parameters, the indicator utilized, and the operating environment.
The quality of the load cell will affect not just its endurance but also how readily it can maintain calibration.
The strain gauges generate a proportionate electrical signal as long as the load is delivered to the correct point on the load cell.
Non-linearity, hysteresis, and compounded error are the most critical characteristics regarding total accuracy under ideal conditions.
Non-linearity is a metric that evaluates the weighing error over its entire working range. Over the load cell’s whole range, the worst-case non-linearity specification of 0.018 percent is observed. The error caused by non-linearity is more minor than the change in weight on your load cell.
Hysteresis error generally falls into a separate location on a load cell’s calibration curve than non-linearity error.
Temperature variations can cause weighing inaccuracies. If the load cell re-zeroes (that is, tares in the net-weight mode) before beginning the weighing cycle, such as in a batching application, you won’t have to worry about this temperature effect on zero loads.
You can ignore the error induced by hysteresis in an application like batching, where exact weight measurements usually are required only during filling.
Because hysteresis error typically occurs in a different region of a load cell’s calibration curve than non-linearity error, the requirements for these two errors are merged on specific load cells into an algebraic total, known as a combined error specification, of 0.03 percent.
In every weighing application, non-repeatability might have an impact on weight measurement.
Over the whole range of the load cell, the nonrepeatability specification is 0.01%. In every weighing application, non-repeatability might influence weight measurement.
You can calculate the worst-case nonrepeatability specification by multiplying the nonrepeatability error by the combined error of the load cell.
Load Input Direction
Normal stresses are not usually experienced by load cells built for normal loading. Tensile normal stresses affect half of the element, while normal compressive stresses affect the other half.
Because not every transducer can read both tensile and compressive stresses, knowing the difference is crucial when choosing load cells. Furthermore, because the failure mechanisms of tension and compression are different, this distinction is a significant consideration for structural components within a project.
Shear stress is a type of stress that acts in the plane under consideration, much like a sheet of paper between two opposing blades of scissors.
To avoid pulling or pushing between assemblies on the other legs when compression-mounting load cells under a hopper, align each load point assembly directly under the hopper leg. To guarantee that the load is distributed evenly, each load cell should be level and on the same plane.
As the material is loaded into your weigh vessel, the legs of your weigh vessel can spread apart. This can induce system binding, which stops the load cells from sensing the entire load.
Load cells shapes
Weight load cells are available in various designs, types, sizes, and shapes. The various shapes include:
- S-Beam Load Cells
- Beam Load Cells
- Canister Load Cells
- Tension link load cells
- Single ended beam load cell
- Double ended beam load cell
S-Beam Load Cells
You may utilize them in both tension and compression, S-beam load cells are highly effective.
Due to their geometry, they are prone to significant bending moments. The use of rod-end bearings and clevises aids in orienting the load stream in the desired direction.
Beam Load Cells
Beam load cells use strain gauges to transform force or weight into an electrical signal.
A beam load cell is one of the most popular categories or types of load cell in the weighing industry. When subjected to a force or weight, beam load cells act as basic cantilevers that flex slightly.
Shear beam cells detect the shear distortion while bending beam cells measure the amount of bending distortion that occurs.
During measurement, the weight acts on the load cell’s metal spring element causing elastic deformation. A strain gauge fitted on the spring element converts this strain (positive or negative) into an electrical output.
A bending beam with a strain gauge is the most basic load cell. The basic components are the spring element and strain gauge, which are frequently supplemented with additional elements (housing, sealing elements that safeguard the strain gauge parts.
Canister Load Cells
Compression load cells, also known as canister or disk load cells, are a type of load cell explicitly designed for compression loads.
They are suitable for systems with multiple directional load components where only one must be quantified due to their robust design, which is resistant to bending loads and side loads.
Compressive normal loads are measured by strain gauges located within the load cell’s internal core.
Tension link load cells
They can hold much heavier loads, just like canister load cells. Crane scales or cable strength testing for loads up to 100 tons are possible with them.
Construction sites and ports are common places for tension link load cells to be used.
Single ended beam load cell
A single-ended shear beam load cell is appropriate for medium capacity weighing applications such as hoppers and vessels that require precise measurement methods.
The high-integrity IP67 body and alloy steel structure of the single-ended shear beam load cell make it suitable for weighing applications and efficient in harsh environments.
Double ended beam load cell
The design of the double-ended shear beam is identical to that of the single-ended shear beam. Unlike a single-ended shear beam, it is secured at both ends, while force is applied to the beam structure’s core.
They are made up of stainless steel suitable for use in harsh environments and fully calibrated to test the weights accurately.
Weight load cells are commonly used in weighing applications where large and heavy loads are applied, such as stores, warehouses, factories, and industries where weighing application is needed and necessary.
Having the knowledge and technique guarantees that you choose the suitable weight load cells to get accurate weighing results.
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